For years and years, Kazakh national garments had been simple and easy logical

For years and years, Kazakh national garments had been simple and easy logical

It absolutely was described as typical kinds for several portions for the populace, however with a specific social and age laws. Beauty and elements that are beautiful dresses had been distributed by fur trim, embroidery, jewelry. Old-fashioned materials when it comes to clothing had been fabric, fur, thin felt, fabric, that has been made by the population that is local. Garments sewn from brought in materials – silk, brocade, velvet, had been a type or types of way of measuring wealthiness of these owners. Cotton had been additionally trusted. Kazakhs have always valued animal skins and furs as sewing material. Coats, or so named Tons, had been sewed from animal skins, and fur coats, such as for example Shash had been sewed from furred pets, that have been completely ideal for climate conditions in Kazakh Steppes. Outerwear had been prepared from skins and furs of wild and domestic pets, in line with the names of which, garments had been called: Zh anat tone – a coating of raccoon fur, Kara tulki ton – of the fox that is black, Kamshat boryk – a beaver hat, Bota ton – a coat from camel skin, Zhargak tone – from a foal skin, etc. Many different types of clothing had been produced from felt. Predominantly coat that is white utilized for its production, and slim fur from sheep’s throat had been considered especially valuable.

Nationwide clothing of Kazakh ladies

A Kazakh girl traditionally wore a gown having a waistcoat. Generally speaking, outerwear of females ended up being just like compared to males: comparable coats, waistcoats, gowns, wide fabric belts, it differed from males’s just in tints plus some decoration details.

Headwear of Kazakh females, much like other nationalities, ended up being also a type or sort of indicator of the marital status. Headwear of married females differed in various groups that are tribal but girls’ headwear ended up being comparatively comparable through the territory of Kazakhstan. Girls utilized to put on hats of 2 types: skull cap (Takiya) and a hat that is warmBorik), embellished with otter, fox or beaver fur. A tuft of owl feather had been usually sewed into the top of takiya for design purposes, which also played a task of the talisman. Gimp, tassels, silver embroidery and coins that are even silver additionally utilized for design.

Kazakh ladies’ national headwear that is bridal, that will be a higher (70 cm) conical cap, is of specific value (see pic. In the left). The highest priced of those had been examined in a hundred selected horses. Saukele ended up being a part that is mandatory of dowry, and ended up being ready well before girls reached the chronilogical age of wedding, along with a marriage dress, that was frequently made from high priced material, usually red coloured. Bride ended up being designed to wear a saukele through the marriage ceremony, then it absolutely was used on vacations for a few right time following the wedding.

Saukele is decorated by metal fishnet tops, tiara (often made from silver with inlays of semiprecious stones or strings of pearls, corals, etc. ), temple pendants and chin decorations. Saukele cone is covered with fabric, that was sewed by steel badges of various designs, into bezels of which valuable and semiprecious rocks are placed. An extensive ribbon of high priced textile, embellished with fringes of silver thread, had been additionally connected to the back of saukele, which took place to cover an integral part of the rear of a lady. Compulsory supplement to saukele is just a suspension that is long called zhaktau, which will be mounted on it from both edges, attaining the waistline of a woman. The absolute most skilled craftsmen participated in saukele manufacturing: cutters, embroiderers, jewellers, whom used the moulding, embossing, stamping, etc. Through the procedure of production. It took per year or higher to organize one such saukele.

Aided by the delivery associated with the very first kid a female place a headwear of the married girl on (see pic. In the right), that has been used until her old many years. The important points for this differ just a little with regards to the chronilogical age of region and woman she arrived from. This headwear contained two components: the base – kimeshek used regarding the head, plus the top – in the shape of a turban, asian wife wound over the bottom level for the headwear. Both components had been made of white textile. These kind of headwear are used by older women right now.

Nationwide garments of Kazakh males

Kazakh guys utilized to put on skullcaps that are differenttakiya), summer time and cold weather caps. Summer time cap – kalpak ended up being sewed from slim felt, mostly white, and had a particular ancient cut. Borik and tymak had been worn in wintertime. Tymak is just a winter that is warm with earflaps and throat flaps created from fox, which can be popular among Kazakh men even nowadays. Bashlyk is another nationwide headwear, manufactured from camel cloth, that was allowed to be used in addition to other caps, to guard from dust, sunlight, rainfall and snowfall.

Guys’s clothes consisted associated with the following components: Double under vest (zheyde), reduced jeans – manufactured from light textile together with top – of cloth, suede, sheepskin or cotton fabric that is thick. Through the very early ages, if the Kazakhs utilized to go horse riding, pants had been a required and part that is important of clothes. The main variety of exterior clothing had been shapan, a kind of robe.

In old times guys’s and ladies’ footwear had been additionally comparable, though girls’ boots were frequently decorated with embroidery and work that is applique. Footwear differed in accordance with periods. For instance, wintertime shoes had been high, broad-shafted, used throughout the felt stockings. Additionally there were differences when considering footwear of older and more youthful people. Young adults often wore shoes with a high heels (up to 6 – 8 cm), seniors – with low heels. Another typical form of footwear among Kazakhs ended up being light shoes without heels, tight fitting on legs, called ichigi or masi. Leather kebis was used over them, that was allowed to be defer during the entry towards the home.


A great number of various designs – great applications, spots had been utilized on clothes, headwear, footwear. Carnelian, coral, pearl, pearl, colored cup were utilized to embellish gold, silver, copper, bronze jewelry of females. Earrings, flat and wrought bracelets and bands had been excessively stunning. Bands based on their forms that are traditional particular names, such as a Bird’s beak band. Belts – a compulsory component of both male and female clothes – had been embellished particularly: it absolutely was ornamented with embroidery; silver badges had been sewn about it.

Types of jewellery often depended on age, social and marital status of the whom wore them. A number of them had been typical for several groups that are territorial.

Individuals clothes is continually being targeted by fashion designers, developers. Contemporary clothing, constructed with motives that are national is obviously initial and unique.

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